Avicenna Institute got its name from the great Persian Physician, Naturalist, and Writer Abu Ali Sina known in the west as “Avicenna”.
The Canon of Medicine (Al-Qānūn fī al-ṭibb) the most famous single book in the history of medicine in both East and West was written by Avicenna. Avicenna was a Persian physician and philosopher, born in 980 C.E. near Bukhara which today is located in the far south of Russia. By the time he was 10 years old he had learned the Qoran as well as Arabic grammar and literature, and by the age of 16 he had learned not only natural science and rudimentary metaphysics but also medical theory. Theoretical understanding alone did not satisfy his quench for medicine, so he stepped into the practical arena of treating the sick. After treating the ailing Samanid ruler Nuh Ibn Mansur, Avicenna earned great recognition along with the access to the rich library of that prince.
Abu Ali Sina was one of the main interpreters of Aristotle and was the author of almost 200 books on science, religion and philosophy. Avicenna’s two most important works are: Shifa (The Book of Healing) and Al Qanun fi Tibb (The Canon of Medicine). The first is a philosophical encyclopedia based on Aristotelian tradition and the second is the most famous single book in the history of medicine. For several centuries, his medical system remained the standard in Europe and the Middle East from the 12th to 17th centuries. Along with Aristotle and Pliny he was continuously cited by the 13th Century writers. Avicenna passed away in 1037 in Hamadan, Iran.
Tracing back in history, the English word “Avacentas” also links with Avicenna the Persian Philosopher, exact meanings are “Following the Footsteps of Father of Wisdom”
The English word Avacentas means the academic and graduation gown, and is derived from the word Avicenna. In early medieval times, all students at the universities were required to wear the Avacentas or other clerical dress, and restricted to clothes of black or other dark color.
The Father of the Science of the World’s Robe.
Would you like to hear of yet another example of Iranian values and contributions with which we ourselves are unfamiliar? I presume you have seen how – when attaining their doctor of philosophy degree – students in foreign universities don a long black gown and square cap with a tassel, after which they read from their graduation inscription. We are asked “what are these caps and gowns?” We respond that they are the uniform of little devils! But when one asks the Japanese or Europeans or even the Americans “what are these uniforms which you don upon your graduates”, they respond by stating that the cap and gown is worn out of respect for “Avicenne” (Pour Sina), the father of the science of the world. They wear these uniforms out of deference to Avicenne, our very own Ibn Sina and a man who wore a long robe and gown. They don the robe and gown upon their scholars, while the cap is symbolic of the turban (slightly imaginative version) with its tassel a reflection of the Khorasani turban’s corner which we Iranians would wear in the old days and let drape upon the shoulder.
Source : ( http://www.avicennaaccounting.com )